Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States, after skin cancer.
Although breast cancer can occur in men, the likelihood is exceptionally rare. Roughly, 1 in 8 women will
be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. In honor of October being Breast Cancer Awareness
Month, it is beneficial to know common risk factors, associated signs and symptoms, and how to
properly perform a self-breast examination to promote early detection.
Risk Factors:

 Family history of breast cancer
 Being a female
 Increasing age
 Inherited genes (well-known gene mutations associated: BRCA1 and BRCA2)
 Obesity
 Menstruation before age 12
 Postmenopausal hormone therapy

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
 A lump in breast or thickening that feels different from surrounding tissue
 Newly inverted nipple
 Redness or pitting of skin over your breast

 Discharge at nipple
 Breast changes including size, shape, or appearance

Breast cancer diagnosis:


 Mammogram: An x-ray of breast that is commonly used to screen for breast cancer
 Biopsy: Use of a needle device that is guided by x-ray to extract sample of breast cells

 Breast ultrasound

If any of these changes arise, please consult with your doctor as soon as possible. Remember, early
detection can save lives!


Written by: Dr. TaLisa Cummings-Taylor PT, DPT
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